It is estimated that asthma affects 300 million people worldwide, and that 10 to 30% of adults and up to 40% of children suffer from allergic rhinitis. The two diseases affect, to a greater or lesser extent, the quality of life of people: they cause school and work absenteeism, affect sleep and physical activity, and are also a cause of emergencies, mainly in asthma
The latter is a chronic disease of the lower airways that is characterized by lack of air (dyspnea), the presence of whistles when breathing (wheezing), fatigue, chest and cough suppression.
"Rhinitis is an inflammation of the nostrils, which produces a sensation of covered nose, presence of rhinorrhea (rash of secretions by the nose), itchy nose and usually sneezing in heals. Many times, it can be accompanied by conjunctivitis and sinusitis. And be intermittent or persistent in time. "The staff of the Allergy and Immunology Services Department of the Southern University Hospital Miracles Bru D'Anna pointed out that" the use of the # 39; Respiratory aerosols for asthma, anti-allergic rhinitis and immunotherapy (allergy vaccines) are the main ways of treating allergy. "
For the member of the Department of Bioethics of the Faculty of Biomedical Sciences of the Austral University, "in these respiratory pathologies, allergic hypersensitivity is one of the most prevalent causes and is triggered by allergens, those particles or substances that are innocuous that release an allergic reaction ". The same can range from the environmental allergens, food and work, Even medicines, metals and poison insects.
"Environmental allergens, mainly, relate to asthma, rhinitis, conjunctivitis and rhinosinusitis, but without forgetting that allergies or work-related exposures, such as latex, are also triggers This type of allergies, "said the specialist, who differentiated that" environmental or aero-allergen allergens can be classified in outdoor o indoor".
The first ones are those found in outer space or the environment, examples of which are herbs, grasses or grains. These would be largely those responsible for what seasonal allergic symptoms, as they coincide with their pollination.
In all, allergens indoor They are home-made or in-house environments (home, school, work) of which mites, mosses, beetles and animal epithelials (cats, dogs, rodents) are the most prominent. Polys, mildew and / or epithelial of outdoor animals can be transported to indoor environments in varying degrees and in different ways, For example, air conditioning.
The specialist gave a series of recommendations to prevent the action of these irritating agents:
– Clean surfaces daily using a vacuum cleaner with high efficiency filters or wet cloths (not scrubbing).
– Use anti-lace covers for mattresses or pillows.
– Minimize the number of stuffed animals in children's rooms.
– The animals, outside the house.
– Remove trash every day, avoid stagnant water and unplucked dishes, and place baits or traps for cockles.
– Control humidity, since it makes fungi and mites grow. Eye with the closed, ventilate the environments.
– Clean the conditioned air filters.
– Close the windows at home and act during pollination peaks.
"The sum of all these guidelines is the treatment of environmental allergies," said Moreno D 'Anna. "It is important to emphasize that all these measures of avoidance reduction for allergens are basic and very necessary, but usually they do not achieve full control of the allergic symptoms caused by aero-allergens. For this reason, It is necessary to treat medication according to the patient's pathology and duly indicated by a specialist ".