Kampala, Uganda | THE INDEPENDENT | The pace of progress in reducing new HIV infections, increasing access to treatment and ending deaths related to AIDS slows down according to the global update of AIDS of UNAIDS 2019.
The report; The center's communities show a mixed image that arises from a growing gap between the necessary resources and those available to manage the disease, since donors provide less funding and domestic investments grow too slowly to offset inflation. For the first time, the global resources available for the AIDS response decreased significantly, almost a billion dollars.
The report shows that around 1.7 million people were recently infected with HIV in 2018, globally, 16 percent less than in 2010, mainly due to constant progress to the elderly Part of the eastern and southern Africa, the region most affected by HIV.
José Antonio Izazola, UNAIDS Special Adviser, Resource and Finance Tracking, says the funding gap in the fight against HIV stands at $ 7.2 million under $ 26.2 million that would be needed 2020. In 2018, 19,000 million dollars were available for AIDS. answer
UNAIDS urges that further progress be made to end AIDS, all partners should accelerate action and invest in the response, including through the full financing of the global fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria with a minimum of 14,000 million dollars after its replacement in October and by increasing bilateral and internal HIV financing.
"Political leadership is urgently needed to get AIDS back on the agenda, this is the only way to put an end to AIDS can become a reality," said Gunilla Carlsson, UNAIDS interim executive director. Gunilla added that the trip to end HIV begins with the appropriate and intelligent investment and adopts a human rights approach to reach people most affected by HIV.
Despite the funding deficit, deaths related to AIDS have continued to decline as access to treatment continues to expand and further progress is made in improving the provision of HIV / tuberculosis services. Since 2010, deaths related to AIDS have fallen by 33%, up to 770,000 people in 2018.
Progress also follows the 90-90-90 goals. 79% of people living with HIV met their HIV status in 2018, 78% who knew their HIV status was accessing the treatment and 86% of people living with HIV who were Accessing the treatment was virally suppressed, keeping them alive and preventing the transmission of HIV. the virus.
The report shows how communities are critical to ending AIDS. In all sectors of the AIDS response, empowerment and ownership of the community have led to a greater uptake of HIV prevention and treatment services, a reduction of stigma and the discrimination and the protection of human rights.
However, Laurel Sprague, UNAIDS Special Counsel for community mobilization, says insufficient funding for community-led responses and negative political environments prevents these achievements from reaching a large scale and generating the maximum impact
Meanwhile, Mary Mahy, the special epidemic and monitoring director of UNAIDS, says that more things need to be done to expand access to the treatment of children. She notes that the estimated 940 000 children (0 to 14 years old) living with HIV at the global level in antiretroviral therapy in 2018 is almost double the number of treatments that took place in 2010. However, there is a lot below the target of 1.8 million in 2018.