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Washington dc: Migraine can increase the risk of spontaneous abortion and give birth to a child of low weight, according to a recent study published in the "Head and Face Pain" magazine. According to the study, prescription migraine medications can alleviate the complications.
The study raises the general perception that the hope of women suffering from migraine finds the number and severity of severe headaches that decrease during pregnancy.
"The study shows that pregnant women with migraines most often have complications in relation to pregnancy and childbirth than women who do not suffer from migraine," says Nils Skajaa, BSc, who is the lead author of the study.
"Babies, mothers who suffer from migraine during pregnancy, also have a greater risk of complications, such as respiratory problems and febrile seizures," Skajaa adds.
The researchers worked with more than 22,000 pregnant women with migraine that were compared with an approximately ten times larger group of pregnant women without a known migraine.
One of the results of the study is that the risk of cesarean sections is greater than 15-25 percent in pregnant women with migraines than pregnant women without migraines. About 20 percent of all births in Denmark are for cesarean section.
Researchers have also used the same data to deduce that the medication against migraine prevents possible complications. However, the results must be interpreted with caution, as Skajaa explains.
"The study was not designed specifically to examine this aspect. However, we show that the risk of complications was generally lower for pregnant women with migraine who took medications compared to pregnant women with migraine who were not treated, "Skajaa adds.
"This also indicates that medication against migraine is not the cause of complications, but migraines in itself. This is an important knowledge for pregnant women with migraine."
Migraine is relatively frequent and affects twice as many women as men. The real cause is still unknown, but previous research suggests that migraines can be caused by stress, fatigue or hormonal changes such as pregnancy.
"Paradoxically, women of childbearing age are particularly affected by migraines. Although experience shows that migraines become mild during pregnancy, this study emphasizes that the health service She must be especially aware of pregnant women with migraine, "concludes Nils Skajaa.