Wednesday , December 8 2021

The WHO warns of the dangers of high antibiotic consumption in some countries



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The World Health Organization warned Monday that antibiotic consumption is high in some countries, while deficiency in others causes high-risk abuses, causing the deaths of superb bugs.

In the first year, the United Nations Health Agency said it has collected data on the use of antibiotics in large parts of the world and has found tremendous consumption differences.

The 2015, based on data from 65 countries and regions, showed a significant difference in consumption rates from about four so-called daily doses (DDDs) per 1,000 inhabitants per day to Burundi to more than 64 in Mongolia.

"A major difference in the use of antibiotics around the world suggests that some countries are likely to overcome antibiotics while other countries may not have enough access to these life saving drugs," the VHO warned in a statement.

Discovered in the 1920s, antibiotics saved tens of millions of lives by defeating bacterial diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and meningitis.

But over the decades, bacteria have learned to repel, creating resistance to the same drugs that once won a reliable victory.

The WHO has repeatedly warned that the world has been spent efficiently by antibiotics, and last year they urged governments and a large farm to create a new generation of drugs to fight ultra-suppressant supergerm.

"Excessive use and abuse of antibiotics are the leading causes of antimicrobial resistance," says Suzanne Hill, head of the WHO Essential Medicine Unit.

"Without effective antibiotics and other antimicrobial agents, we will lose our ability to treat common infections such as pneumonia," she warned.

Bacteria can become resistant when patients use antibiotics that they do not need or do not complete the treatment course, giving half a defeated bug the ability to recover and build immunity.

Hill insisted on the findings "to confirm the need to take urgent actions, such as implementing a prescription policy, to reduce the unnecessary use of antibiotics."

Although the excessive use of antibiotics is worrying, VHO said that small problems are worrying too.

"Resistance can occur when people can not afford full therapy or just have access to substandard or falsified drugs," it said in a statement.

The WHO report showed great differences in the consumption of antibiotics, even in the regions.

In Europe, which provided the most complete data for the report, the average antibiotic consumption was almost 18 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants per day.

But in the region, Turkey, ranked at the highest level of over 38 DDDs, showed almost five times higher spending than the lowest consumer land in Azerbaijan, which counted less than eight DDDs.

The WHO has acknowledged a picture of how antibiotics are used around the world and remains far from complete.

Monday's review, for example, includes only four countries in Africa, three in the Middle East, and six in the Asia-Pacific region. The US, China and India were missing on the list.

The WHO has emphasized that many countries face major challenges in gathering reliable data, including lack of resources and trained staff.

Since 2016, agency U.N. supports data collection in 57 low- and middle-income countries in order to establish a standardized system for monitoring the use of antibiotics.

"Reliable data on antibiotic consumption are essential to help countries raise awareness about the appropriate use of antimicrobials," the WHO said.

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